An important part of your research report will be how well you incorporate sources into your report as you build a coherent argument.
To help you with Portfolio #3 (due 8/2), here are some videos and links to help you with quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing sources. *You will need to employ all three methods in your research report that is due at the end of term.*
Here is a great YouTube video that illustrates the process of inserting quotes into your writing — note how important it is to give context to your quote by using signal phrases:
*note that we are using the Chicago Author-Date method, which means you will need to include the author’s last name and year and page number in your parenthetical citations.
The Purdue Online Writing Lab has a great page on how to paraphrase effectively, including 6 steps of how to paraphrase a text.
Remember with paraphrasing that:
- it must be in your own words, reflecting the original intention or finding of the author
- it must be roughly the same length as the original
- and you must give credit to the author by providing a citation
For understanding the difference between a summary and a paraphrase, Sandra Jamieson has a website that walks you through the difference between the two ways of using a source.
Key aspects of summarizing:
- your summary must be shorter than the original, using your own words
- if you can point back to a particular page(s), include that in your citation
- include the main idea of the passage, and give the reader enough context to understand what you are concisely referring to